Kashmir’s classical music lays more emphasis on words than notes: Research by Punjabi University’s Music Department


PATIALA: The Music Department of Punjabi University, Patiala has carried out research over the Kashmir’s classical music and submitted the findings of its uniqueness. Besides, a comparative study of Hindustani classical music and classical music of Kashmir has also been done.
According to the research conducted by research scholar Iqbal Hussain Mir under the supervision of Prof. Jasbir Kaur at Punjabi University, more emphasis is placed on words than notes in the classical music of Kashmir. One of the uniqueness of this music is that it does not use Ghamak, Khatka, Sargam and Taan.
The research revealed that classical music of Kashmir cannot be presented as a solo performance. It is similar to Qawwali which requires a group of people to perform the song.
The researchers claimed that Sufiana Kalam of Kashmir is also known as classical music and different families of Kashmir learn this music traditionally through professional musicians. This musical form has been around for centuries and has evolved through the intermingling of foreign and indigenous elements. It uses santoor, Saaz-e-Kashmir, Kashmiri Sahatra and Tabla. This classical music genre is a fusion of Central Asian, Parsi, Turkish and Indian music.
Researcher Iqbal Hussain Mir said that comparative study of Hindustani classical music and classical music of Kashmir was done in this research. “Analysis of style, structure and performance shows that according to the definition of Indian classical music, three types of Jati are currently used in the classical music of Kashmir: comprising Avada-Sampooran, Shadow- Sampooran and Sampooran. For example, Aaroha can have 5, 6 or 7 notes but Avaroh is always there. It is used as Sampooran in all makams whereas Indian classical music on the other hand has nine types of genres”, he said.
Supervisor Prof. Jasbir Kaur said, “In the modern age, the roots of culture and tradition are getting eroded. In such a context, this research about the tradition of Kashmiri music can prove to be important for the purpose of reviving the past”.
Appreciating this research work, Vice Chancellor Prof. Arvind congratulated the supervisor and researcher and said that the need of the present time is that when our own heritage arts are under threat due to the influence of the West, we should highlight their uniqueness in terms of cultural and comparative studies and for further research.

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